US Expat Taxes for Americans Living in Morocco – What You Need to Know
Living in Morocco is an incredible experience for a number of reasons, including the exotic culture and cuisine, the climate, and the landscapes. As an American expatriate living in Morocco though, what exactly do you need to know regarding filing US expat (and Moroccan) taxes?
All US citizens and green card holders who earn a minimum of around $10,000 (or just $400 for self-employed individuals) anywhere in the world are required to file a US federal tax return and pay taxes to the IRS, regardless of where in the world they live or their income is generated.
The good news is if you are paying income tax in Morocco, there are various exclusions and exemptions available to prevent you paying tax on the same income to the IRS too.
US taxes – what you need to know
If you earn over US$10,000 (or just $400 of self-employment income), wherever the income originates in the world you have to file IRS form 1040. While any US taxes due are still due by April 15th, expats get an automatic filing extension until June 15th, which can be extended further on request until October 15th.
If you have overseas assets worth over US$200,000 per person, excluding your home if it is owned in your own name, you also have to file form 8938 to declare them.
If you had a total of at least US$10,000 in one or more foreign bank and/or investment accounts at any time during the tax year, you also have to file FinCEN form 114, otherwise known as a Foreign Bank Account Report or FBAR.
If you pay income tax in Morocco, there are several exemptions that allow you to pay less or no US income tax on the same income to the IRS.
“Individuals with their main homes in Morocco are taxed on the totality of their incomes. Individuals with their main home outside of Morocco are taxed only on Moroccan-sourced income.”
The main exemptions are the Foreign Earned Income Exclusion, which lets you exclude the first around US$100,000 of foreign earned income from US tax if you can prove that you are a Moroccan resident, and the Foreign Tax Credit, which gives you a $1 tax credit for every dollar of tax you’ve paid in Morocco. These exemptions can be combined if necessary. Remember though that even if you don’t owe any tax to the IRS, if your income is over US$10,000 (or $400 if you’re self-employed) you still have to file a federal return.
The US and Moroccan governments share taxpayer info, and Moroccan banks pass on US account holders’ account info to the IRS, so it’s not worth not filing or omitting anything on your return. The penalties for incorrect or incomplete filing for expats are steep to say the least.
If you’re a US citizen, green card holder, or US/Moroccan dual citizen, and you have been living in Morocco but you didn’t know you had to file a US tax return, don’t worry: there’s a program called the IRS Streamlined Procedure that allows you to catch up on your filing without paying any penalties. Don’t delay though, in case the IRS comes to you first.
Moroccan taxes – what you need to know
Moroccan residents are taxed on their worldwide income on a progressive scale from 10% to 38%. There is also a social solidarity tax of between 2% and 6% of salary income for higher earners.
Foreigners living in Morocco are considered a resident for tax purposes if their permanent home is in Morocco, if Morocco is their center of financial interest, or if they spend over 183 days in Morocco in a 365 day period.
The Moroccan tax year is the same as in the US, which is to say the calendar year. If your only source of income is from employment in Morocco, your income will be taxed at source and you won’t have to file a tax return. Otherwise, tax returns are due by February 28th. The Moroccan tax authority is called the Direction Générale des Impôts.
We strongly recommend that if you have any doubts or questions about your tax situation as a US expat living in Morocco that you contact a US expat tax specialist.